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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Norway negotiated while bombing Libya

Jonas Gahr Støre, the new leader of Norway’s Labour Party, conducted secret negotiations with the Gadhafi regime in Libya at the same time that Norway was taking part, even leading, bombing raids over Libya organized by NATO. Støre, who was foreign minister in Jens Stoltenberg’s Labour-led government at the time, has confirmed the talks, which are revealed in an unauthorized biolgraphy of Støre by author Ståle Wig.

Jonas Gahr Støre led Libyan negotiations even after Norway started taking part in the bombing of Libya in 2011. PHOTO: Utenriksdepartementet
Jonas Gahr Støre led Libyan negotiations even after Norway started taking part in the bombing of Libya in 2011. PHOTO: Utenriksdepartementet

Støre told newspaper VG on Thursday that “it is correct that Norway was engaged as an active arranger of conversations between the opposition and the regime in Libya, with the goal of a political solution, in the spring of 2011.”

As civil war raged in the country, and NATO claimed it was trying to protect civilians with the bombing of government facilities, two of Støre’s “hand-picked men” were in Libya’s capital of Tripoli. They even followed events directly on TV together with Moammar Gadhafi’s son, Saif al-Islam Gadhafi. Støre was foreign minister in the left-center government led by Jens Stoltenberg, who recently took over as secretary general of NATO.

Talks in Oslo, too
Wig told Norwegian Broadcasting (NRK) on Thursday that negotiations were conducted in several places, “here in Oslo, in Western Europe and in Tunisia.” Wig said he had interviewed “the central players” and also has several anonymous sources.

According to Wig, they did arrive at a political solution to the conflict, which called for the Gadhafi regime to step down at a certain point in time. Negotiations fell apart, however, over Gadhafi’s future, “where he should travel and what he could take with him,” Wig said. “There were several offers (of where he could go into exile) but he chose not to accept them.”

Officials at Norway’s foreign ministry had no comment on Norway’s involvement in the talks. Wig claimed there was a even premise that the ministry could deny the talks occurred, after a Russian diplomat leaked some information about them in Libya.

Støre more skeptical to the bombing than Stoltenberg
Støre reportedly played a key role in the talks, and had warned the United Nations against backing military intervention in Libya just a few days before the UN approved it. Wig’s book describes how Støre led a meeting where it was decided that Jon Hanssen-Bauer and peace researcher Henrik Thune, whom Støre had recruited to the ministry, should lead the negotiations.

Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg with one of the jets used to bomb Libya last spring. Stoltenberg's government supports the new transitional authority emerging in Libya. PHOTO: Forsvaret
Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg with one of the jets used to bomb Libya in the spring of 2011. He flew to Crete to meet the Norwegian fighter jets’ pilots and give them encouragement for the UN/NATO-led bombing raids, while his foreign minister simultaneously sought a political solution to the Libyan crisis. Stoltenberg’s government later supported the transitional authority in Libya after regime leader Moammar Gadhafi was killed. Stoltenberg now heads NATO. PHOTO: Forsvaret

Stoltenberg, who took over as NATO’s boss last week, actively supported the bombing of Libya, sending Norwegian fighter jets into the operation and visiting their crews based on Crete. The Norwegian jets were credited with many of the most successful strikes on Gadhafi’s military facilities. Wig told NRK there is reason to believe that Støre was more skeptical to the bombing than Stoltenberg when the issue first arose.

“They stood together when the decision (to bomb Libya) was made, but according to my sources and in part to Støre himself, Støre was more restrained about the question of military intervention,” Wig told NRK.

The bombing began on March 19 and Støre’s men left the country. With air travel impossible, they traveled over land into Tunisia. Negotiations, however, continued even after Norwegian fighter jets went into action. According to Wig’s book, Støre received delegations from both sides in his office in Oslo in April 2011.

Talks stranded over the plans for Gadhafi’s future. On October 20, 2011, his convoy was bombed by NATO, Gadhafi fled and hid in a concrete pipe, but was later found, paraded through the streets, abused, shot and killed. HIs son was taken prisoner a few days later, remains in detention and risks the death sentence. Berglund



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