Responsibility for immigration and integration issues in Norway was moved to the Norwegian government’s justice ministry late last year, with its own minister (Sylvi Listhaug of the conservative Progress Party) put in charge. Listhaug immediately delivered a long list of proposals for tightening Norwegian asylum and immigration laws. What follows is the list produced by her ministry itself, summarizing the “most important points” in legislative amendments ultimately adopted by the Norwegian Parliament in June 2016:
- It will now be possible to refuse entry to asylum seekers at the borders with other Nordic countries during a crisis with extraordinarily high numbers of arrivals.
- Asylum seekers arriving in Norway from Russia or another Nordic country will no longer be entitled to enter the country without a visa during a crisis with extraordinarily high numbers of arrivals, if they belong to the category whose applications may be refused individual consideration. The cases to which this applies are regulated by new legislation.
- The provision that it must be ‘not unreasonable’ to direct a foreign national to seek protection in another part of his or her country of origin will no longer apply. Foreign nationals do not have the right to international protection if they can obtain effective protection in another area of their home country other than the one from which they have fled (internal displacement). However, under the current provisions of the Immigration Act, foreign nationals may only be directed to internal displacement if this is ‘not unreasonable’.
- The deadline for lodging an appeal following the rejection of an asylum application is to be reduced from three weeks to one week for asylum seekers who do not meet the conditions for being granted protection or are otherwise protected from return.
- A decision to refuse individual consideration of an asylum application (for example because the asylum seeker has been granted asylum or protection in another country) may be implemented immediately if it is clear that there are grounds for this.
- It is now possible to expel foreign nationals in cases where an asylum application is refused individual consideration and also represents misuse of the asylum system.
- Amendments providing wider authorisation for the collection and storage of biometric personal data in the form of facial images and fingerprints in immigration cases have been adopted. The purpose is to improve checks of the identity of foreign nationals.
- A new provision will make it possible to refuse certain applications for family reunification in cases where the sponsor has been granted subsidiary protection in Norway. Residence for family members may be refused if the family in question would be able to live safely in a third country with which the family’s overall connection is stronger than its connection with Norway. This provision does not apply if the sponsor has been granted permanent residence in Norway.
- A requirement that both parties must be at least 24 years old is being introduced in family establishment cases. The purpose of this requirement is to combat forced marriage. Exemptions may be made from this requirement if it is clear that the marriage or cohabiting relationship has been entered into voluntarily.
- New criteria to ensure integration are being introduced for permanent residence in Norway. One requirement is that the foreign national must have been self-supporting in the preceding twelve-month period. Applicants to whom the obligation to participate in Norwegian language and social studies tuition applies must also have a minimum level of spoken Norwegian and pass a test in social studies in a language they understand.
- The obligation to participate in Norwegian language and social studies tuition is being extended to foreign nationals between 55 and 67 years of age, which means that this group must also take the tests when they have completed tuition.
- The immigration authorities will be able to refuse an application for permanent residence if this would conflict with serious considerations relating to the regulation of immigration, for example if the foreign national in question has actively obstructed attempts to clarify his or her identity since arriving in Norway.
- It has been decided that foreign nationals who are granted collective protection after a mass flight will not be eligible for permanent residence until they have been in Norway for six years. Until now they have been able to obtain permanent residence after four years.
SOURCE: Justis- og beredskapsdepartement/Ministry of Justice and Public Security